Personal Reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln


Personal Reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln


Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865
Practice of law
Douglas, Stephen A. (Stephen Arnold), 1813-1861


Revised copy of reminiscences written to be given as a lecture on Abraham Lincoln, by Miner, a Baptist minister who, with his family lived near the Lincolns in Springfield from 1855 to 1861 and had a personal and social relationship with them.


Miner, Noyes W.


Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum










Personal Reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln by Rev. N. W. Miner D D (1)

(2) Personal Reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln is the subject to which I write your attention in the following address. He was a near neighbor of mine for a number of years, and a warm personal friend. What we have to say to you about that great and good man, will not be taken at second hand. There will be no quotations from books, pamphlets or documents - no attempt at oratory, eloquence or rhetoric but I shall confine myself to a narration of facts that have come within my personal knowledge. For the information I shall impart to you in the present lecture I am indebted for the most part to President Lincoln and his wife. First Acquaintance On the 19th day of January 1855 I passed over the Chicago Alton and St Louis Rail Road

(3) to Springfield Illinois. It was my first visit West. At that time, the houses and villages on the line of the road were few and wide apart; and the sight of the wide rolling prairies bounded on all sides only by the horizon, had the appearance of the vast ocean, and filled my mind with emotions of sublimity. Having been born and brought up among the rocks and hills of New England where the farms are small and the meadows are divided from the pastures by stone walls the sight of so much land rich and productive lying in common in its virgin state, without a budding or a fence, or a tree or stone in sight, made a deep impression on my mind. The day I remember was dark and dreary. The sky was overcast with thick clouds which seemed to hang low and the chilly murky atmosphere and the rising wind which

(4) came howling over the vast prairies all indicated the coming on of a great storm. It burst upon the country at midnight, with a fury, which never before nor since, has been experienced by the people in central Illinois. The mercury sank rapidly from above freezing point to twenty two degrees below zero. Snow fell to the depth of between two and three feet and was so badly drifted by the wind which blew a perfect gale, that not a train of cars passed over the road, after my arrival in Springfield for nearly six weeks. The Legislature, which was in session, having taken a recess for the purpose of visiting the State institutions was overtaken by the storm and blocked by the snow on the distant prairies, far from any human dwelling. where for days they remained without fuel and on short rations till they nearly perished by hunger

(5) and cold. The good people of Springfield being anxious for their safety assembled at the State House to talk over the situation and to devise some way by which they might be brought back to the capitol in sleighs a distance of about seventy miles. It was at this meeting I first saw Abraham Lincoln. Like Saul, the first King of Israel, he stood head and shoulders above the people. A friend pointed him out to me with the remark "that tall homely looking man you see talking with a crowd of listeners around him is Abraham Lincoln, who a few days ago, came within one vote of being elected United States Senator." The Hon. Lyman Trumbul was the successful candidate. Had Mr Lincoln at that time been elected United States Senator, he, in all probability,

(6) would never have had that famous debate with Judge Douglas. Never have been invited by the Young Men's Republican Club of the City of New York to deliver his great speech in [ineligible] Union and never have become President. I was much struck with the honest face and noble [ineligible] of the man, but the thought never entered my mind, that he who had interested me so much at first sight was the become in the course of a few years, the most remarkable and renowned man at the age-that he would be elevated to the Presidency, and by the Providence of God proclaim liberty to more than four millions of bondmen. In April of the same year I moved to Springfield, and rented a house on the same street, on a opposite corner to the residence of Mr. Lincoln. Being a near neighbor I soon became acquainted with him and saw him almost daily. I

(7) became a frequent visitor at his house, and he occasionally visited mine. Sympathising with him in his religious and political views and [ineligible] his moral integrity, I was drawn towards him and took special pains to cultivate his acquaintance and as the years rolled on a friendship sprang up between us, close and intimate which continued till the close of his eventful life. I have in my possession many proofs of his love and friendship which are so highly prised by me that no wealth could bye. In the Century Magazine for Dec 1881 there is an interesting article, written by Mr. Volk a Chicago sculptr, about [making?] the life cast of President Lincoln. The cabinet size bust, which he minutely describes and which he brought from Chicago to Springfield, and presented to Mr and Mrs Lincoln on the evening he was notified officially of his nomination as the candidate of the republican party for President I have in

(8) my possession. Mr. Lincoln sent his servant with it to my house as a present from him, the morning he left Springfield for Washington the last time, a few hours before he asked his old friends & neighbors, in taking leave of them to pray for him. I have also an elegant Bible which was presented to Mr. Lincoln by the Ladies of Philadelphia and after his assassination was sent to me by Mrs Lincoln. On one side of the Bible is printed in gold letters "Presented to Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States by the Ladies Citizens Voluntary Hospital Association of Philadelphia" and on the other, "Mrs Abraham Lincoln to Rev N. M. Miner, D.D. with the date of the gift. I received a note with it from Mrs Lincoln saying she sent the Bible to me on account of the love & friendship her husband had for me. An Englishman called at my home, one day, to see

(9) it. Looking it over very carefully he asked me if I would take a thousand dollars for it. What, said I, sell that Bible! I could not part with it at any prise. What would the world say of me if I were to sell the Bible once belonging to Mr Lincoln and given to me under such circumstances. I shall never part with that that Bible except upon one consideration. What is that he inquired? If I were starving for want of bread and there was no other way to get it. I might part with it. But that good book assures me that "my bread shall be given to me" and I think I shall not part with the Bible. Mr Lincoln as a neighbor We found Mr Lincoln a delightful neighbor. Always kind, obliging, affable, full of sympathy and benevolence. There were

(10) times when my house was full to overflowing with delegates coming from long distances to attend associations, and Sunday School conventions. At such times Mr Lincoln would either come over himself, or send a servant with the request that a part of my company spend the night with him. He also, without my asking, furnished me with the free use of his horse and carriage for years, which greatly aided me in my church work, and "Bob" as he was then called, but more the Hon. Robert T. Lincoln, Secretary of War, used to clean the carriage and harness the horse for me and he did well! He is a worthy son of his noble father-talented, well educated-modest but firm-He has many of the excellent traits of his illustrious father, though he has not his fathers genius. and it would not be at all surprising, if some day our country should have another

(11) President by the name of Lincoln! President Lincoln was a great lover of children, and he loved his neighbors children too. Many a time we have seen troops of children, living on the same street, run out to meet him when he was coming to his meals. and would gambol by his side, and as many as could get hold on him, would swing from his hands. He had a kind word and a smile for all. When death came into the families of his neighbors, he would attend the funerals, and was prompt to express his sympathy with them in their sorrows. He was on good terms with every body, and those who knew him best loved him most. Mr Lincoln was a great comoner. He was emphaticly a man of the people. Having known what it was to toil and struggle with poverty in early life, he knew how to feel

(12) and did feel for the [torting?] masses. He said to me on one occasion, "I have seen a good deal of the back side of this world." When elevated to the office of President, he carried with him to that high office the same loving, condescending desposition. He delighted to come down from his high position and make the people feel that he still had a heart that could feel for them in their toils and trials. We remember riding out with the President in an open carriage, through the Streets of Washington, during the war. The streets were filled with officers and soldiers. When we drove past an officer of high rank, or a member of Congress, he would wave the hand and say good morning, and then remark that was general so and so, or that man is a member of the House or Senate; but when we drove past a soldier standing on duty pacing his weary beat, and

(13) he presented arms to the President, he would, inveriby rise partially from his seat, take off his hat and make a low bow to the common soldiers. A poor widow woman came to my study one day, while I was pastor in Springfield, and said, "Mr Miner I wish you would write to President Lincoln and ask him if he wont dismiss George from the service. Philip is dead, (She had two sons who both entered the service of this country) my aged mother is sick and I know not how I can get along without George." I said to her, I think Mr Lincoln would grant your request if it was any other time. Mr. Lincoln is in Richmond today. That city has fallen into the hands of the Union Army, and General Lee, hard press by General Grant, will doubles surrender to day or tomorrow. The country is full of excitement. The war will soon be over. I do not think the President would find time to write a letter to

(14) dismiss George just now. Well she said I wish you would write him any way. I wrote the letter as requested, and stated to the President the urgency of the case. Two days after the assassination we received a letter from the martyred Lincoln containing the order to dismiss George from the army, requesting me to forward the order to his commanding officer. Now for a man occupying the position of President at this time, when he was receiving the congratulations of the nation-the very hour of his triumph-to stop to write a letter for the dismissal of a poor widows son from the army, because she was in trouble, is a most remarkable instance of beniffience and condescention. Mr Lincoln as a Temperance Man Mr Lincoln was a temperance man, out and out. He neith used liquor himself, nor would furnish it for others. Gen. Bragman, who was

(15) a member of my church, a life long friend of Mr Lincoln, who used to practice law with him as early as [1837?], told me he never knew Mr Lincoln to touch a drop of liquor, tho it was customary at that time for almost every body to drink. This was owing, doubtless, to the instruction of his pious mother. His father and mother were members of the regular Baptist Church in good and regular standing. They were devotedly pious people, and set a good example for their son to copy. Mr Lincoln's father could neithe read nor write. He was a man of good strong common sense-a man of energy and decision of character and abhored slavery. It was on this account he sold his farm at a discount and removed Kentucky to Illinois. Mr Lincoln's mother could read, though her education was limited. In character, and decided

(16) religious convictions, she semes to have resembled very strongly the mother of President Garfield. The only books which they had in there log cabin home were a Bible and a spelling book. They lived in the wilds of Kentucky, deprived almost entirely of religious and educational privileges. They reverenced the Lord's day, and it was the custom of the family to keep it in a scriptural manner. When the necessary work on their little farm was done, the would sit together in there little cabin, and the mother would read hour after hour from the Bible to her husband and little son. In this way young Abraham learned to love the stories of the Bible, and he became fameliar with its history before he could read. His mother taught him the Ten Commandments which he committed to memory. There were three lesson, espessially, which this good woman took unwearied pains

(17) to impress upon the mind of her boy. [ineligible] she knew she taught better 1st never to swear. 2d never to lie. 3d never to drink alcoholic liquors. She used to emphasise this third commandment. "Thou Shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain." My son neve profane God's name. It is [ineligible] mean and wicked. It is unmanly to do so, never sware. So, too, she would emphasise the 9th commandment. "Thou shalt not bear fals witness against thy neighbor." My son never tell a lie. Always tell the truth. No one thinks well of a person who tells falshoods. You can never be a great and good man and have the confidence and respect of your fellow men unless you tell the truth. So also, in regard to the third lesson she taught that son. Again and again she charged him never to drink intoxicating liquors. There was a man living in their little community who

(18) when sober was a good neighbor, but when he was drunk as he frequently was, he was very abusive and profane. He would beat his wife and children and he was a terror to his neighbors. Mrs Lincoln at such times, would point out to her son the drunken man and then say, it is whisky that makes that man act so. My son never drink liquors. They have cast down many strong men and they may [ineligible] you. How well this noble woman succeeded in the instruction she imparted to her son we know from the history of the boy when he became a man. Mrs Lincoln was never known to profane the name of God-was never known to tell a lie, and was never known to drink a glass of intoxicating liqor. We have attended many entertainments at his home, when the most distinguished

(19) politicians, lawyers and judges of the state were present, and at such times the tables would be loaded with the choicest viands but nothing that would intoxicate was ever provided. After he was nominated for the presidency, he was informed by telegraph that a special committee appointed by the convention with the Hon George Ashmon as chairman, would visit him on the evening of the following day to notify him officially of his nomination. Some of the state officers of Illinois waited on Mr Lincoln, and urged him for once to wave his objection to liquors and have them on the tables at the entertainment that was to be given to the committee. They insisted that it was the custom on such occasions to have wines and other liquors; that it might make him unpopular with some of the members of the committee if he did not furnish it etc.

(20) And finally they told him if he would only give his consent they would bring it and take away after the entertainment was over, and he might have nothing to do about it. Mr Lincoln listened attentively to what they had to say and then returned this answer "You are old and valued friends, and neighbors. You worked hard to secure my nomination. I am grateful to you and would do any thing which I conceive to be right to serve you. You have attended many entertainments at my house, and I have neve in a single instance furnished liquors, and I cannot on this occasion, even if I were to lose my election by so doing." Mr Lincoln was a temperance man, and an anti slavery man, simply because he believed it would wrong for him to be otherwise. Mr Lincoln as a Lawyer

(21) Mr Lincoln was a lawyer by profession. And he was a very able lawyer too. He stood in the front rank among the able lawyers in the West in his day. I never saw a man who had such power over a jury. Wheneve he gave a definition of the law on any point they believed he gave a right interpretation. Whenever he stated a fact bearing on the case being true, they believed he told the truth. It was this honesty that gave him his great power. He was strait forward in his practice. Never exorbitant in his charges, but always graduating his fees according to the value of the service rendered. There was no intrigue or clap trap about him. He was an honor to his great profession and acquired for himself the appropriate title of "honest old Abe." He told me that he would never take a case in court

(22) unless he though there was merit in it. I remember during my residence in Springfield, that a woman was arrested and put on trial for the murder of her husband who was found dead in his [own?] yard. She sent for Mr Lincoln to come and see her. She declared she was innocent and requested him to undertake her case. He did so. But as the trial progressed the evidence which was all circumstantial seemed to favor the prosecution. This caused him great anxiety and he said to me that he feared he was on the wrong side. But before the trial was ended, the testimony was clearly in favor of the woman's innocence, and she was acquitted. He frequently advised persons not to go to law-to settle their differences among themselves, and if they could not to leave the matter to arbitration. A gentleman living near Springfield, a

(23) wealthy farmer, said to me one day, Mr. Miner, do you know what made me, a life long democrat, vote for Mr Lincoln to be President? I said no. Well I will tell you. "Some years ago I got into a quarrel with my neighbor. Our farms lay join each other. We could not settle our difficulty and we resolved to go to law. I came into Springfield early one morning to engage Mr Lincoln as my counsel. My neighbor had anticipated me and was already closeted with Mr Lincoln when I arrived. I waited till they had finished their conference when Mr Lincoln came out his private room. He greeted me cordially as we were all old friends, and then he said "I am sorry you and your neighbor have got into difficulty. He has told me his story, now let me hear your side." After stating my case to him as clearly as possible he said Well you have a pretty good case to take into the courts

(24) But why do you wish to go to law. If you take this case into courts, one will be sure to get his case, and then the other will appeal, and before the matter is settled the lawyers will have all of your property. And that is not the worst of it, a quarrel will be [ineligible] among your families which may result in a murder some day. Now my advice is not to go to law but to settle your difficulty here before you go home. We talked the matter over without agreement till noon, when Mr Lincoln said he must go to dinner, but would meet us again, and added as he went out, that you may not be disturbed. I will lock the door. And suiting the action to his words he locked us in, and putting the key in his pocket walked away, and we did not see him again till to [towds?] evening. Left to ourselves, confined in an upper room, with no way to

(25) get out without breaking down the door, we could but laugh at the joke he had perpetrated upon us. Being left to ourselves we had time for reflection, and so good naturedly we went over the whole ground of difficulty, and we came to the conclusion that it would be best for us and our families to follow the advice of Mr Lincoln, to keep out of law, settle our differences and become friends. So when Mr Lincoln returned he drew writings of agreement which we signed, and we returned to our homes friends and have been friends ever since. So when Mr Lincoln was nominated for the Prisedncy I came to the conclusion there was one honest lawyer at least and that he would make a good presedent and that was the reason why I voted for honest old Abe." Lincoln and Douglas Passing over the great debate of Lincoln

(26) and Douglas, in which I as a citizen of Illinois took a deep interest, and the remarkable campaign of 1860 which resulted in the Election of Mr Lincoln, the secession of the Southern States and the war for the union, all of which have passed into history we come now to speak of Mr Douglas relations to Mr Lincoln during the short time he was permitted to have after the commencement of the war. The information in regard to this remarkable alliance was furnished me by Mr Lincoln himself, and which so far as I know, has never been published. It is a well known fact that Mr Lincoln entered Washington in the disguise of a highland scotchman. This was done for [ineligible] reasons, fearing he might be assassinated. In proff of this statement I will quote from a letter which I have in my possession,

(27) written by Col. Ward H. Samon to President Hayes on this subject. Col Samon was one of Mr Lincoln's party who accompanied him from Springfield to Washington. Col Samon says in his letter to Ex President Hayes "At the time President Lincoln was at Trenton en route to Washington in 1861 Hom William S. Dayton brought a letter from Mr Temple to Mr Lincoln's room setting forth the fact of a plot, for assassination in Baltimore, and urging him to change the programe and either go secretly through Baltimore or go around that city. Mr. Dayton stated, that the writer of the letter Mr Temple was a gentleman of the highest respectability and integrity. This letter caused us to change our plans and it was well we did. I have always believed that the timely warning given by Mr Temple saved Mr Lincoln's life at that time."

(28) Instead of going from Philadelphia to Baltimore the President and his party went to Harrisburg, and the time for going through Baltimore was unknown to the would be assins of the President. Mr Lincoln arrived at Washington very early in the morning, just at the break of day. The first man to meet me, said Mr Lincoln whom I knew was Judge Douglas. He had intimation of his early arrival and came to meet and welcome his old friend. For though opposed to each other politically they had always been personal friends. He greeted the President very warmly, "Saying good morning, Mr President. You are my President and I have come to offer you my services. I have lived for a long time in Washington and am better acquainted with the people and with those who sympathise with sesession than you are

(29) and whatever ability or influence I posess are at your disposal. How generous, how patriotic, how manly and noble in one who had been opposed to Mr Lincoln in politics and by whom he had been defeated. Whatever mistakes Judge Douglas may have made in early life politically, his last days, like those of Lord Byron's which he spent in aiding the Greeks to obtain their liberty-more than makes amends for all. Mr Lincoln was deeply moved in this conversation, with me, in reference to Douglas. He invited him to seat in his carriage, they rode together to Willards Hotel, and from that day he was a frequent visitor and an intimate advisor of the President. On the day of Mr Lincoln's inauguration Judge Douglas called early in the morning, and requested permission to ride with him

(30) in his carriage, remarking if any harm were to come to the President he wished to share it with him; and if he were to be that he wanted the bullet of the assasin to first pass through his own body! I had this statement from Mr Lincoln's own lips. It is a most remarkable instance of disinterested friendship and love for one's country! His request was granted. He rode to the inauguration with his friend; stood by his side, and held his hat, while Mr Lincoln read his first Inaugeral address which thrilled the loyal heart of the world. When Fort Sumter was fired on, Mr Lincoln wrote his proclamation calling out 75000 volunteers. Before the ink was barely dry on the paper Judge Douglas came in. Mr Lincoln read it to him. Douglas said Well Mr President that will do to begin with. There are more men

(31) than we can arm and equip at the present time, but he added It will take more than a million of men to put down this rebellion. Douglas asked when will this proclamation be published? The President replied this after noon. Douglas said "The first troops that will start for the capitol will come from Massachusetts. They will reach Baltimore tomorrow noon. There they will be opposed, and trouble will ensue; and for some time to come we shall not be able to get troops to Washington through that city." And then he added, as they were seated opposite to each other at the table, "If you will hand me that sheet of paper, I will sketch a map showing the rout by which we must take troops to the Capitol." I mention this, said Mr. Lincoln to show the wonderful sagacity of the man, and then he added, with deep emotion, O,

(32) if Douglas could have only lived, he would have been of great service to me and the country." All these predictions of Judge Douglas proved to be literally true. A few days after this, Douglas called again on the President, and said, some of the people in Southern Illinois, and in Indiana, are acting very badly; troops are being raised there for the Southern Confedracey; and I fear an effort will be made to curry those states out of the union. Don't you think it would be a good plan for me, having been a life long democrat to go there and make a few speeches in favor of the union. The President replied that he thought such a measure, [wyse?] and important, and said to him if he would go and perform that service for the country he would be greatly obliged to him. Verry well

(33) replied Douglas, I will take the first train in the morning." Good by, Mr President. And here, Mr Lincoln was for a moment completely overcome. I never saw him so deeply moved. But after a little he commanded his feelings, and said "That was the last time I ever saw poor Douglas!" Mr. Douglas came West, and spoke to large crowds of people in Southern Illinois and in Indiana, and imparted much strength to the union cause, then then came to Springfield. The Legislature was in session. A public meeting was advertised to be held in the evening at the State House, that that Judge Douglas would speak. Illinois loved him. He was the idol of the democratic party. Large numbers crowed the capitol. We went early and got a seat near by him.

(34) We have heard Daniel Webster, and Rufus Choat and Wendal Philips, and other great orators, but the speech of Judge Douglas on this occasion excelled in its eloquence and effect on the people any thing to which we ever listened. His allusion to the old flag, as it floated from the dome of the Capitol on that cold winter's night; his noble utterances for the union of the states, brought that vast multitude to their feet, and waving their hats, cheer after cheer, long and loud, went up for the old flag and the union, and for the first and only time in my life, I hurraed in a public meeting, and the ladies in the galary catching the inspiration of the scene [ineligible]too, and swing their muffs around their heads, they threw them over the galary on to the floor of the house. such was the effect of what is known as Douglas great speech. Up to this time the parties in Springfield, for and against

(35) the movement of the south were about equally divided. But at the close of the speech, the vote set in strongly in favor of the union, and thousands of Illinois' bravest and best men belonging to the democratic party enlisted for the war and fought it out to the bitter end. Judge Douglas went from Springfield next day to Chicago, made one more great speech for the union, equal in its effect to the one in Springfield and in a few days after died. I am glad of the opportunity of relating these interesting facts as communicated to me by President Lincoln concerning one of American's greatest statesman. Lincoln and Douglas both belonged to Illinois, and within her borders repose their honored dust. Lincoln lies intombed in the beautiful semitary Oak Ridge near the city of Springfield, and Douglas in a lovely park, bearing his own name in the City of

(36) Chicago, overlooking the waters of Lake Michigan. The people who honored them while living have shown their love for them though dead, by building stately monuments to make the places where sleep their mortal remains. Lincoln's Religious Character A few years ago, a life of President Lincoln was written and published by William H. Herndon Esq of Springfield Illinois, This book in many things is calculated to mislead those who are unacquainted with the President. Mr Herndon I knew intimately; his wife and children were members of my church, and I was a visitor to his family. His wife was an [ineligible] Christian woman, but Mr Herndon was an avowed infidel; and one object of his book was to show that infidelity could produce a great and good character like Lincoln

(37) Now what we have to say further will have a bearing on this point; and we will not give our opinions. That might not satisfy some of you; but we will let the martyred President speak for himself; and we think his own testimony will settle the matter of his infidelity beyond dispute. At the time Mr Lincoln was elected President, I do not think he was what is termed an experimental Christian. I used to see him sometimes at the funerals of his old neighbors but he was not constant in his attendance at public worship. But during my long and intimate acquaintances with him and the many conversations I had with him on numerous subjects, I never heard a word fall from his lips that gave me the remotest idea that his mind was even tinctured with infidel sentiments.

(38) But on the contrary, the more intimate I became acquainted with him, the more deeply was I impressed with the conviction that he believed not only in the overruling providence of God, but in the divinity of the Bible, and had a profound reverence for everything that was true and noble and good. After the election of Mr Lincoln to the Presidency, he seemed to fully comprehend the vast responsibility of his high office and the dangers and difficulties he would have to encounter in the discharge of his duties. This led him to serious reflection; and feeling that he was not able to discharge those duties in his own wisdom and strength, he asked Christians to pray for him that he might be guided by wisdom from high. In the early part of the winter of 1861

(39) in view of the {threatening?} attitude of the southern states in passing the ordinance of secession a National Fast was appointed by President Buchanan. The day, I remember, was generally observed in Springfield. The meeting was held in the First Presbyterian Church and largely attended by the most respectable and best people in the city. The various churches were represented. Many earnest prayers were offered up for our beloved country, and for the man whom God had raised up to guide the "Ship of State" over a rough and stormy sea. Mr Lincoln was present and was not indifferent to the spiritual influence of that meeting. He listened attentively to those fervent prayers with tearful and thrilling interest. At the close of the meeting I passed down the isle in which Mr Lincoln was standing, and taking me by the hand

(40) he said, while the tears were standing in his eyes, Mr Miner "this has been a good meeting. I hardly see how it could have been much better. I feel grateful for the prayers offered up for our distracted country, and on my behalf and I hope they may be answered. On the morning of the 11 of February 1861 Mr Lincoln with his family left Springfield for Washington. The members of the state legislature and a large number of old friends and neighbors assembled at depot to bid him God speed and to say good bye. Just before the cars started he steped out on the platform, uncovered his head, and delivered that short farewell speech which melted the hearts of those who heard it, and thrilled the hearts of those who read it. On that occasion standing by his side I heard him say "A duty devolves upon me, which is, perhaps, greater than that

(41) which has devolved on any other man since the days of Washington. He never could have succeeded but for the aid of Divine Providence upon which at all times he relied. I feel that I cannot succeed without that same Divine aid which sustained him; and in that same Almighty Being, I place my reliance for support and I hope you my friend, will pray that I may have that divine assistance without which I cannot succeed, but with which success is certain." I did not see Mr Lincoln again till April 1862. Death had entered the White Hous. There was mourning in almost all the families in the land. As it was in Eqypt at the time, [Israel?] was delivered from the house of bondage, there was not a house in which there was not one death. So through out our broad land there was "mourning, lamination and [ineligible]." The Presidents

(42) family was not exempt. Willie Lincoln, a promising child, twelve years old, had suddenly sickened and died. The grief of the parents at the loss of this son was deep and intense. Being an old neighbor and a friend of the family, I went to see them, that if possible AI might impart to them some spiritual consolation in their great sorrow. It was during this visit I learned more about the religious views and feelings of the President than I had ever known before. Mr Lincoln expressed great pleasure on seeing, and in the course of our conversation he said, I am glad that you have come; it is a relief to see an old friend from Springfield, and I can talk with you as I cannot with any one else. As it was my first visit to Washington, he proposed to go out driving with

(43) me some day, when he could find leisure to visit Smithsonian Institute, the [navy?] yard and other places of interest at the Capitol. An afternoon of a Thursday was appointed for the drive. As we came down from the cabenate room to enter the carriage we were met at the door by a large delegation who had come to see the President, as they said, on important business. Mr Lincoln said to them you must excuse me for the present. Elder Miner, an old friend and near neighbor of mine is visiting me from Springfield and I have promised to go out driving with him this afternoon, and I will see you later. And as we entered the carriage and it drove away he remarked, I have been [ineligible] all the forenoon by delegations and individuals urging me to this or that thing, and now that I am free I think we will keep out

(44) all the afternoon. Left to ourselves, we soon commence conversation on the stirring events of the times. The battle of Shilo had just been fought, and many of the Presidents friends and aquaintances were among the dead and wounded. The awful distruction of life, the loss of so many dear friends, weighed heavily on the good man's mind, and he was soon distressed. The battle of Shilo, or Pittsburg Landig, was fought on Sunday and Monday, and this drive was on Thursday of the same week. Mrs Lincoln told me, that on Sunday night, after the first days of fighting when the Union army was so badly cut up that its distruction seemed imminent, Mr Lincoln walked his room all night. He neve for one moment lay down to rest. And I doubt not that as those weary hours wore away the good President was sending up his

(45) prays for the safety of the union army. And their too, the elections, in some of the northern states, had been adverse to the administration. Some were saying that the war was a failure, and others were clamering for peace at any [terms?] and the president was very much cast down at the state of things. Let it be remembered that these were the darkest days of the civil war. [ineligible] and gloon, like a dark cloud had spread itself all over the country, and as yet not a ray of light had pierced the darkness. I had a great sympathy for the President in his present heroic struggles. I felt as though I would give the world, if it were mine to give, if I could only relieve him of a part of the great burden which seemed crushing him. And I said "Well Mr Lincoln, you have this to encourage you. Christian people

(46) all over the country are praying for you as they never prayed for mortal man before." I believe that he said and this is an encouraging thought to me. If I were not sustained by the prayers of God's people I could not endure this constant pressure. I should give up hoping for success. In the course of our conversation at this time, I asked, do you think we shall be able to put down this rebellion? He answered "You know I am not a man of a very hopeful temperament. I can take hold a thing and hold on a good while. But believing as I do that our cause is just, and relying on God for help I firmly believe we shall conquor in the end; but the struggle will be [ineligible] and severe, involving a great loss both of property and life." "What strange scenes, he continued to remark

(47) are those through which we are now passing. I am sometimes astonised at the part I am acting in this terrible drama. I can hardly believed I am the same person I was a few months ago when I was living my humble way with you in Springfield. I often ask myself the question, When shall I wake up and find this all a dream. This getting the nomination for President, and being elected, is very gratifying to a man's ambition; but to be the President and to meet the responsibilities and discharge the duties of the office in times like these is anything but pleasant. I would gladly, if I could, take my neck from under the yoke, and go home with you to Springfield and live as I was accustomed to, in peace with my friends than to endure this harnessing kind of life. But, he added, with great solemnity, "It has pleased Almighty God to put me in my present position

(48) and looking up to him for divine guidance I must work out my destiny as best I can." Our conversation on this occasion, (of which I afterwards took full notes) was free, and without even a thought of its publication. But all that was said during that memorable afternoon I spent alone with that great and good man, is too deeply engraven on my memory ever to be effaced. I felt certain of this fact, if Mr Lincoln was not a Christian he was acting like one. He was doing his duty heroicly, manfully and looking up to God for help in time of need, and like the father of his country, he believed in the efficacy of prayer, and it was his custom to read the Bible and pray himself. And here I would relate an incident which occurred on the 4th of March 1861 which was

(49) told to me by Mrs Lincoln herself. The President finished his Inaugaral address the morning it was delivered. The family being present he read it to them. He then said he wished to left along for a little while. The family retned to an adjoining room, not so far distant but the voice of prayer could be hearad, the door being lef ajar. There closed with God alone, and like Daniel the prophet, surrounded by his enemies, and those who wished to take his life, he commended his family, his country and himself to God's protecting care, and with a mind calmed by communing with his Heavenly Father, and with a courage equal to the danger, he came forth from that retirement ready for duty Like the immortal Washington whose life and character had been an inspiration to him, in a time of impending danger he sought and obtained help from Heaven! Mr Lincoln's Death!

(50) But before bringing my lecture to its end let me say a few words abut his going to the theatre the night he was assassinated It has been a matter of universal regret among good people, that he came to his tragic end in such a place. But if the circumstances of his going there were fully known, they might releive their minds somewhat. It has been said that Mrs Lincoln urged her husband to go to the theater against his will. This is not so. On the contrary she tried to persuade him not to go. But he insisted. I have this statement from Mrs Lincoln herself. And just here let me say a word in regard to my friend and neighbor Mrs Lincoln. No woman has been more misunderstood and misrepresented by the press of this country. It was said, during the war, that Mrs Lincoln was not a loyal woman.

(51) That she imparted to the enemy, the plans of the govoment and the movements of our troops. And that many of our defeats at the commencement of the war were owing to her meddlson inteference. This is not true. She said to me on the occasion of my visit to Washington already referred to "Mr Miner, I have two brothers who were in that Battle at Shilo, and I hope they are either dead or taken prisoners. You seemed surprised at my saying so. But they would kill my husband if they could, and would destroy our goverment and I repeat it, "I hope they are either dead or taken prisoners." And there it is a well known fact, that after the death of her son Willie she seems to have found her chief satisfaction in visiting the hospitals of the soldiers and sailors in the city of Washington. It is true that Mrs Lincoln said and did some strange things after the

(52) death of her husband that invoked criticism. From the time he was shot down by her side as though was a vile dog, her nervous system became so completely shattered, that a good deal of the time she was hardly responsible for anything she did or said, and the press did not know that they were criticizing the acts of a woman bereft of her reason. From the day of the assassination to the present time she did not see a [ineligible] hour. No tongue can tell how much she suffered after the death of her devoted husband. She was a faithful wife, a loving mother and an obliging neighbor and a true friend. Coming back now to Mr Lincoln's going to the theater. She tried to persuaded him not to go. He said a large number of overjoyed and excited people will [visdet?] me to night. I must have a little rest. My hands are swolen and my arms are lame by shaking hands

(53) with the multitudes, and the people will pull me to pieces. He went to the theatre that night, not that he hand any particular interest in the play, but because he was careworn and weary and needed quiet and repose. Mrs Lincoln informed me that he seemed to take no notice of what was going on in the theatre from the time he entered till the discharge of the fatal pistol. He was overjoyed at the thought that the war was over and that the people would stop killing each other. She said the last day he lived was the happiest of his life. He went from room to room in the White House, and up and down stairs, and even tried to sing. Though fond of singing Mr Lincoln could not sing. He said he felt like a boy let out of school. The great joy that thrilled his heart, was expressed in his own

(54) words, "The war is over, and the people will stop killing each other!" The very last moments of his conscious life were spent in conversation with his wife about his future plans and what he wanted to do, should be live till the expiration of his term of office. He said "We will not return immediately to Springfield. We will go abroad among strangers where I can rest." Rest that is what the good man longed for. When he was inaugorated President he took up a heavy load; he carried it constantly, and never for once laid it down till death releaved him of the burden. He said we will visit the Holy Land, and see those places hallowed by the footsteps of the Saviour. He was saying there was no city on earth he so much desired to see as Jerusalem; and with that

(55) word half spoken on his tongue, the bullet from the pistol of the assassin's entered his brain, and the soul of the great and good President was carried by the Angels to the New Jerusalem & above. Abraham Lincoln, and James Abram Garfield! Both sprang from poor parents and were born in log cabins which their fathers reared in the wilderness for their homes. Both struggled hard with poverty and overcame almost insurmountable obstacles in acquiring an education and in rising to commanding positions of usefulness-both were elected to the highest office [in?] the gift of the people. Both were killed by the bullet of the assassin during their terms of office. Both were carried to their graves by a nation of

(56) morners. Both will go down together side by side in history as to of the best men ever born in America, equal in gestures and heroic deeds to the immortal Washington!

Rewritten at Waterbury Conn July 10th 1882 N. W. Miner



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