Benjamin Grierson Collection

Title

Benjamin Grierson Collection

Subject

Grierson, Benjamin H. (Benjamin Henry), 1826-1911
United States. Army. Cavalry
United States. Army
Texas--Fort Davis
Texas--Fort Davis (Fort)
Texas--Fort Davis National Historic Site
United States. Army. Cavalry Regiment, 10th (1866-1950)
United States. Army Cavalry Regiment, 9th (1866-1950)
Texas--Davis Mountains
Ranches
Ranchers
Ranch life
Armed Forces--Officers

Description

Benjamin H. Grierson began his working career as a music teacher in Jacksonville, Illinois, in the 1850s. He enlisted in the Army as a private in the 6th Illinois Cavalry rising via promotions to Brigadier General of Volunteers after leading raids through Tennessee and Mississippi in 1863. He is best known for leading the successful Grierson's Raid during the Battle of Vicksburg in the spring of 1863. After the Civil War, Grierson remained in the Army, receiving an appointment to serve as commander of the 10th Cavalry, or the “Buffalo Soldiers, in 1866. He held several commands in the western United States including the District of the Indian Territory, the Department of Texas, the Department of Arizona, and the District of New Mexico. He retired in 1890 after his appointment to brigadier general.

The finding aid for the Benjamin H. Grierson Family Papers may be found here: http://alplm-cdi.com/chroniclingillinois/items/show/260.

Photographs in this collection include images of Benjamin H. Grierson, Grierson's ranch in Fort Davis, Texas, ranch life in western Texas, and the abandoned Fort Davis.

Collection Items

Robert Grierson
Robert Grierson, father of Benjamin H. Grierson, sits for a portrait. A green three-cent stamp with George Washington is on the verso.

General Benjamin H. Grierson
Benjamin H. Grierson, a cavalry general in the United States Army from 1861-1890, poses in uniform. Grierson served as a commanding officer during the American Civil War and Indian Wars. In 1863 he led the successful Grierson's Raid as part of the…

General Benjamin H. Grierson
Benjamin H. Grierson, a cavalry general in the United States Army from 1861-1890, poses for a portrait. Grierson served as a commanding officer during the American Civil War and Indian Wars.

Benjamin Grierson and Unidentified Man
Benjamin H. Grierson and an unidentified man pose for a portrait. On verso: "Possibly Robert Grierson, father of Gen. B. H. Grierson?".

Man Wearing a Bow Tie
An unidentified man wearing a bow tie sits for a portrait.

Fort Davis
A panoramic view of old Fort Davis in Fort Davis, Texas, shows the fort from an aerial perspective. The United States Army used Fort Davis as a military post during the Indian Wars from 1854-1891. The 9th and 10th United States Cavalry regiments,…

Fort Davis
A landscape photograph provides a view of old Fort Davis circa 1880 in Fort Davis, TX. The United States Army used Fort Davis as a military post during the Indian Wars from 1854-1891. The 9th and 10th United States Cavalry regiments, more commonly…

Sawtooth Mountains
The scenic loop near Fort Davis, Texas provides several views of the Sawtooth Mountains.

Fort Davis Abandoned Barracks and Kitchen
The enlisted men's barracks and kitchen at old Fort Davis sit abandoned. The United States Army used Fort Davis from 1854-1894.

Davis Mountains
A scenic photo of Rockpile Park in Davis Mountains, Texas, features Indian grinding rocks.

Ranch Roundup
Several cowboys participate in a ranch round up in the Davis Mountains while several cattle stand around the edge of the yard.

Antelope
Antelope stand outside a fence near Fort Davis, Texas.

Fort Davis, TX
A panoramic view of Fort Davis, Texas, "The Mile High Town," shows a small rural town in the Fort Davis Mounains.

Fort Davis Abandoned Commissioned Officers Quarters
The commissioned officers quarters at Fort Davis stand abandoned. The United States Army used Fort Davis from 1854-1894.

Fort Davis Abandoned Surgeons Headquarters
The commissioned surgeons headquarters at Fort Davis stand abandoned. The United States Army used Fort Davis from 1854-1894.

Davis Mountains
A view of the Davis Mountains highlights a rocky hillside. On verso: "This is the way the mts look back of Old Fort Davis."

Longhorn Steers
Longhorn steers stand in a pen on a ranch.

Buffalo
A herd of buffalo grazes in a mountainous region.

Yucca Plant
Yucca, a rubber-producing plant, thrives in western Texas.

Hospital Ruins at Old Fort Davis
The abandoned hospital stands in ruins at Fort Davis. The United States Army used Fort Davis as a military post during the Indian Wars from 1854-1891. The 9th and 10th United States Cavalry regiments, more commonly known as the Buffalo Soldiers, were…

Thomas K. Beecher Home
The entrance to the home Reverend Thomas K. Beecher in Elmira, New York, features a picket fence and pathway. Beecher attended Illinois College before working as an educator and minister. Thomas K. Beecher is the brother of abolitionists Harriet…

Snodgrass House
The front of Snodgrass House in Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, features a cannon and a large stone monument in front of the building. The Union Army took a position south of the house on the final day of fighting during the Battle of Chickamauga.

Harry Grierson
Harry Grierson, son of Benjamin Henry Grierson, poses on horseback in front of a barn with two slaughtered cows hanging in the background.

Spring Valley Ranch
Several horses stand in pens outside ranch buildings at Spring Valley Ranch, the Fort Davis, Texas, home of Benjamin Henry Grierson and his family.

Spring Valley Ranch
Several horses stand in pens outside ranch buildings at Spring Valley Ranch, the Fort Davis, Texas, home of Benjamin Henry Grierson and his family.
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